Best DSLR Settings for Video


– So what are the best
setting for your DSLR when it comes to creating
and shooting videos? In this video, I’m gonna
break down the exact settings I’m using to get this shot right here, as well as how to set up your
DSLR so it looks the best. Coming up. (upbeat music)
(camera shutter clicking) Hey what’s up guys, Sean
here with Think Media TV. Helping you go further, faster in media. And on this channel we
do tech gear reviews, video gear reviews, as well as even how to use your gear
videos, just like this one. So if you’re new here,
consider subscribing. And hey, at any point during this video, I’ll list out all the
gear that we’re using to produce this video in
the description below. In case you want to see the camera models, lenses, lighting, and things like that. Let’s jump into the tutorial. So if you’re watching this video, you already know that DSLRs can
create awesome looking video So can mirrorless cameras, but sometimes they’re hard to get the settings right. Like how do you get them to look right and produce a good looking video shot. Maybe you see other people’s content and you’re like, why doesn’t my, you know, I have the same camera, why doesn’t my video
footage look like that? So I’m gonna break down the
exact settings that I use, step by step so you can
apply them to your DSLR or your mirrorless camera, to get great results
when it comes to video. Now let’s jump behind the camera to see how this shot is set up. Okay, so we’re gonna jump
into the set up right here, and this particular video we’re shooting on a Canon 70D, we use a Rode mic, it’s got a tripod, we’re
shooting with a ring light. Just my office right here, and so let’s look at the settings and the order at which we go through these to get the perfect shot. And again, this is gonna
apply to any Canon camera, Nikon camera that you’re using. Or even mirrorless cameras
as well, are gonna, the same principles are
definitely gonna apply. So let’s jump into it right now. Okay, so the first setting
that you want to think about when you’re setting up your camera, is actually your frame rate. And so, you want to know
what is the frame rate of the video that you’re shooting. And so on a 70D here, I have
pretty much the option between 30 frames per second or
24 frames per second. If you’re international,
you’re gonna be on PAL so you could do like 25 frames. But you wanna know what that is. And so we shoot our videos
at 30 frames a second. So we’re at HD setting, at 30 frames. Some cameras are doing 60 now. And here’s why you wanna
know what your frame rate is. Because it’s 30 frames, the
first setting you wanna set is actually your shutter speed. And so that’s this number right here, and to get smooth motion in video, your shutter speed should be double the frame rate of your video. So because we’re at 30 frames,
that’s why we set it at 60. If we were shooting at 24
frames, you’d shoot it at 50. You’d get as close as possible,
and so you’d shoot 50. So that’s the first number
that you want to set up right. What that does, if it’s wrong, is it sometimes gives
you a jittery picture. Sometimes people want that, they do it intentionally for effect, but if you want your video
motion to be perfectly smooth, aligned with the frame rate, then you want to make
sure this is set up right. Also, sometimes LED lights
and different lights will be blinking and
it, the blink is caused by incongruence between the shutter speed and the frame rate of the video. So first off, we’re at 30
frames on our 70D here. 1080, 30 frames. And next up we will
shoot the shutter speed and so we’ll make sure that’s set to 60. Now the next thing that we
want to set is our aperture. And in this case, we
want to set it based on, the lower this number could
be, if we had a fast lens, if you had a lens that’s
kind of like the nifty fifty, that goes down to say 1.8, the blurrier the background would be. So if we have, say my hand is in focus, the background is blurry. A lower aperture number will give you more of a blurry background. It also will give you better low light. And so sometimes the
lower this number can be, the better it will work in low light. So whatever your aperture’s gonna be, you wanna set that next. And in most cases I make
it as low as possible. So if we’re already
zoomed in on this image, I got a picture of my
wife and I right there, where a face would be, if that’s where if we’re gonna be zoomed in like this, this is as low as it goes. So typically I go as low as that can go, and then that allows
me to then do ISO last. And so your ISO, once your shutter speed is pretty much set, typically. So that’s at 60 no matter what. In this case, I’m as low as I can go, and this lens is all the
way zoomed in is 5.6, that’s as low as it goes. So now, if you tap your shutter button you have an exposure meter right here, and right in the center
is, that white line, is telling you your
shot is evenly exposed. So in this case, it’s
a little under exposed, so then what you can
use ISO for at the end is you can go up to get
more light in your image. And now it’s perfectly
exposed across the image. Or you could go down if it’s overexposed based on your ISO settings. Now, the downside to ISO
is that on most cameras the higher this number gets,
the lower quality the image is. And so on a crop frame sensor like this, I typically never would want
to go over 800 actually, and even that is a little bit high. And the way to prevent
that is to have more light. So in this case, we’re
shooting with this ring light. If we actually turn up
the brightness here, now it’s all the way maxed out. Now we’re a little overexposed, based on when we tap the shutter
and get our exposure meter, so now we could take our ISO and we could actually drop it down, now we’re at 640 and you have got a shot that is set up. To recap, you’ve got your 60 at 5.6, and you got 640 ISO, and
now the video content shot on this is gonna look great. But we’re not done yet. The kind of final step
here, that I like to do, is actually set white
balance with a gray card. Now I’m not sure the science behind why gray works for great white balance. You can also use white,
but these are great cards you can get these on Amazon. I’ll post a link in the description below. But what you actually do with this, I have it set to auto
white balance right now. And that sometimes will turn out okay, but white balance is what
really is gonna make your video look right for skin tone. So especially if you’re like a beauty or a lifestyle YouTuber, or you’re trying to do, or an art YouTuber and you’re trying to like get
accurate color reproduction, or you just want to make
great looking videos, setting custom white balance is great. And sometimes too, like even in this room we have different light
sources all around the room and so this is gonna say,
okay here’s the perfect color for this shot exactly as it is right here. So to set this, all you really got to do is you put the gray card
out there to fill the frame you actually take a photo of it, and then on this camera, and
pretty much every camera, DLSR or mirrorless, is
gonna have this option. You go in and you pick
custom white balance, and then what you do is you
set it according to that image. And now it’s using that
image as a reference, and then you can just go
in to your white balance, and you make sure to set it on custom. So now that white balance of the shot is set according to this white, based on this ring light’s
light shining on that. And that’s gonna give you pretty much accurate color representation. And based on what we’re seeing here, it’s looking pretty good. Especially because we
can see a blue poster, the green the yellow, and our human eye, based on what we’re
seeing on the screen here, it looks accurate. And your most important
thing is your skin tone, that’s really what you
want to be most accurate. So setting your custom white
balance, with a gray card. You can also do this, you could
do it with the white side, you could also do it with
a white piece of paper, and some other things as well, you just follow that exact same framework. Okay so those are the basics, but there are a few more things that I want to caution you of, as well as go a little further for some problems that you might run into. A couple things, number one,
if you want to have good video you want definitely good lighting. So in this particular case, this is the Halo Prismatic LED lighting. Which is actually specialized for good color reproduction
for an LED light. But regardless of what your lighting is, this shot would look like a baked potato if I did not have lighting in the shot. So definitely always
consider your lighting and what kind of lighting you have. And we’ll link up to a playlist of our lighting videos
and lighting training. But the, and then the other
thing to consider is your set. Having a good set, you know being off the background of your
wall, potentially the colors and the aesthetic in your
set, all of that’s important. But we’ll leave that for another video. But let’s look at just a few
things that could come up. We’re gonna jump to a different
lens, which is a lot faster. And what faster means is that the aperture can kind of go lower. So in this particular,
this wide angle lens, you know when we had it
all the way zoomed in, we were at 5.6, and maybe
some of your kit lenses that’s what you have,
well then your settings are gonna be similar to that. But what happens if you get a faster lens, and how does that affect things? Let’s check it out right now. So we just took off this
10-18 wide angle lens, and this was the one that was set at 5.6 when it was zoomed in, and now
we have a 24 millimeter lens and the settings are the same. So we have 60 shutter
speed, 5.6 on the aperture, and then 640 on the ISO, and
we’re exposed almost perfectly. But this lens, and you might
have some lenses like this, this lens actually can
go all the way up to 2.8. So you see what happened there, now that put our exposure a lot higher because this lens is a
lot better in lower light. Plus, it also is better for depth of field and things like that, so
when you have potentially an image that, if you’re
close to the camera you’re gonna be in focus
and you’re gonna get that nice blurry background. So what we would do in this case, remember at 30 frames per second, we don’t want to mess
with the shutter speed, and if we do want as much
blurry background as possible, then all we have to do is
actually drop our ISO down to hopefully get to the right exposure. And one thing that
could potentially happen if we brighten up this light even more, and we’re still overexposed, this is where you might
get into the trouble. Where see it’s a little overexposed, and the ISO cannot go any lower. This is where now you
have to make a decision to okay, do I want the shutter
speed to actually be off. So now at 80, everything
is exposed correctly, but we just broke our rule, right. 30 frames per second,
now we’re actually off and so it’ll slightly affect the motion. And the more out of whack
that potentially gets, the more jittery and weird
the motion could look. But then you just make
a conscious decision if you want to do that or not. And the one other thing that you can do, probably not necessary for most people, is again, you could always dim your light. Like we can just do that, right
as we’re doing right here, we dim it down a little
bit, drop our shutter and now we’re in a perfect exposed shot. We’ve got the good white
balance, based off our gray card, we’ve got everything set
up nice based on this lens. And you can imagine, this one goes to 2.8, a very popular Canon lens is
the nifty fifty, it goes to 1.8 If that’s the case, what
we would really want to do, you could imagine, the
ISO’s as low as it goes, we don’t want to change this number. If this was at 1.8, what
we’d probably have to do is reduce the light even more so that it could be exposed as much as possible so we could get that,
or exposed correctly, so we could get that blurry background. Question of the day, what is your biggest challenge currently when it comes to creating
videos and content online? Let me know in the comments section below because we’d always love
to create future videos to help you go further faster in media. So thanks so much for
checking out this video. Definitely subscribe for
more videos just like this. And if you haven’t
downloaded the Think Media TV Video Gear Buyers Guide, that
guide is actually goes through all the different cameras,
lenses, microphones, lighting that we use for every different budget. So if you want to grab
that, it’s totally free, there’s a link in the description below as well as on the YouTube card. Until next time, Think
Media TV is helping you go further faster in media. Keep crushing it, and we will talk soon. Three, two, one, Oh man, those cuticles
look good today, okay, uh (light upbeat music)

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