VT04 How to Setup Your Cameras ipad dsrl camcorder


Hi, I am Simon Wellman and I will be introducing
you to cameras. The first thing we are going to do is I am
going to show some of the cameras we will be working with. This is a DSLR, a standard digital camera
which you can use for videos. This is the standard Camcorder, everything
is built in. and here is your everyday tablet. It can also
be used for filming the same as any smartphone. Now what we are going to do is have a closer
look at how to set each one of these cameras up There are three main things we are going to
be looking at when it comes to using video. The first one is White Balance which tells
the camera what is white so all the colours reproduce correctly.
The second one is Exposure so that we can see the footage that you are looking at. and the third is Focus so the video is clear.
So we are going to a look at how how to set up each camera individually that way.
The first thing I am going to is have a look at the DSLR.
Here we are with the DSLR as with the IPad and Camcorder we will be testing the features
and what we will be looking at is White Balance, Exposure and Focus.
First of all we will look at White Balance. The problem with the DSLR there is lots of
little buttons to press and we need to find out where they are.
This particular camera press this Q button which comes up with a list of information
and we have to go through them to find what we are looking for
At the moment we are looking at auto white balance which is the AWB
pressing it we now have a whole line of white balance settings
if we go across there is Outside, Shady Outside, Cloudy day, Artificial lighting, Strip lighting,
Flash and then White Balance. This is where you set the White Balance yourself
Now sometimes you might think, let go to Daylight now it just happens that the lights we are
using here at daylight balanced. So Rob looks reasonably good
As you can see that is one way of doing the white balance.
The other way, if want to get an exact colour matches is
to, one more go to the menu and go over to, what looks like a Stamp
Press on that and it will say custom . So we need to go in and tell it to use the
Custom Now for a camera to know what White is, it
must have some White. So Rob could you could you hold that piece
of white paper up That it fine, a little bit over to your left.
That’s it, perfect thank you What we need to do is take a picture. On the
camera you hit the Shutter button and take a picture of the white paper.
Thank you Rob Now when you go into the menu over here, another
control You need to now go through the menu options
to find your White Balance setup As you can see there is Custom White Balance
So we say Set we want that It says this is the only compatible image
It is the image we want because it is all white
and you can see up there the Stamp tool which is the White Balance tool it next to the word
Set which means if you press the set button we
will set the White Balance It asks us if we want to it
and we press OK Now when we go out of the menu
We are back looking at Rob As you can see it has changed the tone of
the colour slightly So they much more appealing
Ok so now we have the colour balance We now need to look at Exposure
Exposure is the amount of light coming into the camera to make an image
If there too little light Rob would be very dark.
If there is too much light he will be over exposed and there will be too much light
Now I will demonstrate this At the bottom here it tell us two things
one over here is our Shutter speed Now with video you have to have that set to
50 At the top here on most cameras there is a
dial and as you dial it you can see the number
going up Make sure it goes up to 50
Next to it is another number this is 5.6 Now this is telling us how much light is coming
in to the camera To do that one we have press another button
and in this camera in particular is the AV button
We use the same dial and you can make him darker or you can make him lighter
There is one more thing on this camera. There is a button on the top here called ISO
What that means is the Sensitivity of your camera
On most cameras they are set to Auto What we need to do is check the menu
Movie Exposure is set to manual, that’s good if you click on it you can see it can also
be auto There is usually a button on the top and you
press it and comes up with a lot different numbers
The smaller the number the less sensitive the camera is
The higher the number the more sensitive it is
Unfortunately the higher the number the more noise you get which is a distortion in the
image. What we will do is press the ISO button again
and we will go along and chose our level, lets go to 800 which
is standard setting and say OK. Rob is a little dim
As you can see the 50 which is our Shutter speed and the
4.5 is our Aperture Press the button down and dial up and down
which makes Rob dark and lighter as we did before
So we will set it so Rob looks roughly OK There
Now that is how to set your Exposure There are multiple ways to measure exposure
but for that you need to alter the Firmware on the camera
Which is not advised Now the last thing we do is to Focus the camera
First of all you need to do is make sure we are aimed at Rob properly
You must zoom in to what ever size you want Rob to be in the image
lets go for about here from there you can focus on him
Unfortunately once you focus you can’t change your zoom in or out
because then you would have to refocus All you can do is press one these button here
at the top which will electronically amplify Rob
So you can see he is quit out of focus and then will will focus him in by using the
Focus Ring on the front of the lens so he is nice and sharp
once you press the button again we go back Now we know Rob is perfectly sharp at that
point which he is sitting If he was to move forward or back
that will alter the focus points and he may not be as sharp The next camera will be the Camcorder
So let’s have a closer look at this one as well Now the Camcorder is designed specifically
for these kind of jobs We are going to look at the same things which
are White Balance Our Exposure and our Focus
Ok, White Balance most of them have a single button that you press
which is in the screen or on the body of the camcorder
This one is on the body of the camera I will show you roughly where it is
On this model it is that button on the front As I said it could also be in a menu
So Rob would you mind putting up the white piece of paper
The white paper comes up and all we do is press the button
It says it is checking the White Balance and everything is OK
Thank you Rob, you can put it down now Now Rob has been corrected to the correct
colours As you can see he is slightly over exposed
which is the next thing we are going to do Now over here we have a button which we can
set for Manual we can also set it to Auto At the back there is a little button which
says Iris which is out Aperture. In this case it is over here
We press it and on the screen a number pops up which is F2.2
Those numbers which start with an F means how much light is coming into the camera
So we have a little switch at the back here which we will then move up and down to bring
in different levels of light You can see also a little number here 9 that
is called Gain That is basically like ISO
It is amplifying the signal to make the light levels higher
What we will do is turn this off for the moment so we go to a low level
as you can see he goes dark and what we will then do is
we will bring up the light levels and there is Rob on his face Now the next thing is focus
What will do is use the zoom control to zoom straight into
Rob Just focus on his face properly, there he
is and in this case we have an Assist button
up here and when we press it we go black and white
There we are, focus until he is sharp You see how the lines go Red
That is called peaking and what it is it is showing where things are in focus
So we now know where those red lines are that is more likely to be in focus
press it off and we look in colour and it is in focus
and then we zoom out again and the focus stays exactly
the same unlike the DSLR where you have to re-focus
This means you can zoom in focus and zoom out
Any zooming in and out it will stay exactly focused
which gives you more options to change the size or shot of the picture during an interview So there are the three elements and as you
can see it is really quick to do because it is a professional level camera but in the
consumer end. And finally let us have a look at the Tablet
First of all let us turn on the IPad Now Rob can you move around a little bit
and stop about now This a box that went around Rob and basically
it is set for Facial Recognition like most Tablets or phones
Now within that square it works out the White Balance
so it is guessing what white is and working out the colours
It is also working out the exposure based on what it can see
and it is focusing inside that box Unless you purchase an App which may only
work with the more modern tablets and phone you have no control of the image
and you are reliant how it records that image and of course the other thing is tablets have
an attachment so they can fit on a tripod but they are not always secure
The can be banged around and you can see how the image is changing
because the camera has been moved We had a look at each of the cameras
now it time to make an evaluation of them First lets look at the IPad or any other generic
tablet or mobile phone In a pinch they are usable though the image
quality is not the highest and it is a bit more complicated to try and
get the audio I would say this is the bottom level
for when you are using it to use for your interviews Second, the DSLR
It is a lot better image wise It still has problems with audio and you will
need to the same kind of workaround But it does produce surprisingly good images Finally the Camcorder
The camcorder is built to do exactly the kind of jobs you are doing now
They record good images they are easy to setup
and have built in audio so you don’t have to use any other pieces
of equipment

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