YRE Photography 101

Scene 5, Take 372. Action! Hey guys! I’m Kristin and this is Vinh. And we know you’re a passionate Young Reporter,
just like us. We know you’re probably plotting your next
photograph or photo report right now. We’ve been there before and we’ve got some
tips and tricks to share with you. First tip: Stop using a camera from 1965.
You weren’t even born then! These days we all have a powerful camera
right in our pocket. Just because technology’s changed,
it doesn’t mean it’s all you need! You need lighting, you need composition, But most of all, you need a great story. So check out our Writing 101 video on
how to find that great story and angle. But once you have that, how do you photograph that? Well, I should know, so, here’s how! Wow! Step 1: What’s the story behind your photograph? Photojournalism is different from other kinds of
photography and journalism. If you’re entering a photo in a photography category, you need to get one of those great photos
that capture an entire story with a click. As the saying goes: a picture is
worth a hundred words. Think long and hard if photography is
the best medium to convey your story. You could get lucky and have something
exciting happen right under your nose. If that’s the case, pull out your ’emergency camera’,
aka your phone, and snap away. But more often than not, telling a story with
a photo is a combination of luck, planning, and proactively looking for a shot. So, get out there and get that shot! Step 2: Plan your photo! Having a rough idea of the story you want to tell
before you hit the pavement will make your photo that much easier to find. Start by analyzing other people’s work
to see what you like. You could pick up random papers or
learn straight from the masters. Check out websites like the New York Times, Thomson
Reuters, National Geographic, and World Press Photo. That’s where all the great photo reporters
publish their work. What makes their photos so amazing? What draws you to a particular photo? What is the story it’s trying to tell? Step 3: Lighting! Generally speaking, shoot with the sun behind you. Better yet, shoot in the Golden Hour. The Golden Hour is a short period after sunrise
or just before sunset during which daylight is redder and softer
compared to when the sun is higher in the sky. The colours on your photos will pop out
in all sorts of beautiful hues. Avoid photographing when the sun is at
it’s highest in the sky. Typically between 11AM and 4PM. Step 4: Depth of field! In optics, depth of field is the distance
between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp. Textures, colours, and contrasts look much richer
when you achieve a good depth of field. There are a couple simple tricks to do this. You could take a photo in such a way that you have two
objects in the frame at two clearly different distances. Or you can just move close to the object.
Don’t use your zoom; use your feet. Move closer! Step 5: Perspective! One of the simplest methods for making a photograph
more compelling is to get a closer look. If the object is lower, sink to its level;
kneel down, get on your stomach. Do whatever you have to do so that you get your
lens where you want it. Don’t be afraid to get dirty! If you’re not exactly sure what you’re trying to say
with your picture, try taking a close up and a wide shot. See which one tells the story better. You could also try to create impact by
filling the shot with your subject. Step 6: Composition!
Hmmm… This is a tricky one! Well, composition is a master class. Professional photographers struggle with it
every day and often have to stop to think. So don’t expect to get it right the first time,
but keep a few of these in mind: Rule of thirds: mentally split the screen in
9 tiles; 3 by 3 areas. And place important elements along the
horizontal or vertical lines. Key objects should be at the intersection
of the lines. Leading lines: Use natural lines to lead you
to a focal point. Diagonal lines can be used to create movement
in a photo. Frame your photo using things
like windows and doors. Patterns and Repetition: Patterns are
pleasing to the eye. Symmetry is always good.
The human eye loves symmetry. Step 7: Break the rules! So, now, like a real pro, you’ve memorized your rules
and are trying to take photos that respect them. Don’t let this stop you; if your gut tells you
something’s good, it might well be. Go for it! Step 8: Write a caption. Well, not all rules are meant to be broken. Remember, there is a limit to how many words
your caption may have. That’s 150. Follow that rule. Write your caption like the
lead in an article. Make it impressive. Step 9: Edit your photo and be real! Nowadays most media have people
called photo editors. Photos are enhanced, colour corrected,
cropped, played with… What is not done is alter or manufacture
the contents and context of a photo. No amount of editing should ever,
ever, ever alter reality. Oh, there you are! Well, that’s it. I hope these tips were helpful. Wherever you are,
get that camera ready, go out and take some shots! Wait, can I say cut this time? Sure. Wait, how do you work this?
Vinh? Vi- wait for me!

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